Stain Removal Guide
The appearance of stain on clothing or carpet is an annoying nuisance. The spot can ruin the look of the most beautiful thing. But it does not mean that the thing is no longer suitable, and it is necessary to get rid of it. Stains can be removed successfully, especially in cases where the stain is fresh and when the source of the contamination is exactly known. But even ingrained stains can be removed, if you know how to do it properly.
What to Do if a Stain is Appeared
The spots, which are not removed immediately, may dry out and become irremovable. Immediately take action, not giving a spot to spread and soak deeper into the fiber, with a clean cloth, blotting paper or salt.
In general, there are four types of stains. The first type is stains removed by conventional washing. For example, stains of watercolours or milk. More complex variant is stains removed by bleaching or boiling with detergent, such as tea, fruit juice and water-soluble ink. Some stains require soaking before washing, for example, grass or blood stains. There are stains that require special treatment before cleaning, for example, of oil paints.
For complete stain removal, a combination of these methods may be required. But remember: never use several chemicals in a single operation, as this may form toxic chemical fumes.
Before you begin to remove stain, make sure of the fabric colour stability. Test the seamy side of the product or piece of cloth, which is attached to it. Don’t forget that the acid and alcohol are harmful to some fabrics and their dyes. For example, chlorinated lime corrodes cotton fabrics. Acetic acid and acetone are harmful for acetate silk. Bleaching agents and alkali can be used only for white fabrics.
Substances Esed for Stain Removal
In order to be able to promptly begin the stain removal, it is desirable to have at home some agents, which may be necessary for this.
Detergents with biological additives are well able to remove fresh stains from fabrics, and carpet cleaners – from the carpet. Talc is used to absorb fats and oils, as they fall onto the fabric. Glycerine, diluted in half with water, softens dried stains, and then you can wash them off.
Methyl alcohol (denatured alcohol) is useful for removing stains of grass from strongly coloured fabrics. It must be remembered that this substance is poisonous, and using it you must take precautions. Acetone is well removes stains of nail polish, and white spirit – traces of grease or fresh paint, but these substances cannot be used to remove stains from acetate fabrics.
Hydrogen peroxide is used for soaking the dried stains before washing (solution of hydrogen peroxide in water in the ratio 1: 9). But first it is necessary to check the impact of this solution on the fabric dye. Crystalline boric acid neutralizes stains from coffee and acidic foods such as wine, fruit juices. Bleaching agents can be used only in certain tissues. In particular, chlorine bleaches are not applicable for coloured fabrics and silk.
In addition to chemicals, for stain removal is always necessary to have a clean white cloth to absorb stains, as well as for the application of cleaning products. For these purposes may also be used white paper tissues and towels, as well as natural sea sponge.
Removing Food Stains from Clothing or the Tablecloth
If the butter, margarine or vegetable oil has got on the fabric, remove the surplus, and then apply detergent with biological additive on a stain. Then wash in water, which must be hot as far as it safe for fabric.
Dried egg stains before washing should be processed with the hydrogen peroxide solution in water (1: 9). If there is a stain of fruit or fruit juice, sprinkle boric acid to absorb moisture and neutralize the acidity. Rinse in cold water, and then wash in hot water with detergent. Dried stains treat with a solution of one part household bleach to four parts water, if the fabric allows the use of bleach.
If stain formed from coffee, immediately wash it under a jet of cold water, and then soak in a strong detergent solution. Dried coffee stains before washing treat with diluted hydrogen peroxide (one part peroxide to nine parts of water). On the stain of chocolate apply a concentrated detergent with bio additives, then wipe with a sponge soaked in warm water, and then you can make the laundry.
On the stain of red wine sprinkle talcum powder or salt, then scrape off the powder with the help of stiff brush, and soak up the liquid with a clean cloth. Moisten a stain with cold water from stain edges to its middle. Thereafter washing can be performed.
Stain Removal from Carpets
A mixture of hydrogen peroxide and baking soda (0.5 cups of hydrogen peroxide and 2 tablespoons of baking soda) is suitable for the stain removal from carpets in different situations. This mixture is applied to the stain by spraying. Then the stain is wiping with porous cloth periodically soaking in clear water. Finally the carpet sprinkle with baking soda (to make it absorbed the smell) and left for a while, and then clean with a vacuum cleaner.
Iodine stain on the carpet can be removed if you put on it potato gruel. After 5-7 minutes the gruel portion should be updated, and so on until the complete removal of stain. Alternatively: sprinkle baking soda on the iodine stain, splash with vinegar and leave overnight. Then rinse with clean water. To remove stains of coffee, use glycerol solution in water (tablespoon of glycerine per litter of water).
Thus, many stains, which often occur in everyday life, can be successfully removed at home. But if very expensive thing became soiled and you do not want to risk, leave it to professionals who will be able to return its former freshness and purity. Experts of our company will help to get rid of stains not only on the carpets, but also on car upholstery or on other tissues products. Turning to us, you will get the qualified help in these situations.